Led by faculty at Montana State University and including collaborators from University of South Dakota and University of Wyoming, the WAFERx project began in 2017 when the team of scientists was awarded an NSF EPSCoR Track II grant.
BECCS, while potentially lowering CO2 emissions, will require transformations in agriculture, land-use, and energy production systems which could create trade-offs between water, food, energy, biodiversity, and rural development. It is important to study and understand these trade-offs before BECCS is considered as an alternate energy system in the region.
Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) is an energy production system with the potential to remove more CO2 from the atmosphere than it releases.
The Upper Missouri River Basin (UMRB) is an imortant agricultural region that has potential for both bioenergy crop production and geologic carbon sequestration.
Structural basins in the UMRB with potential for geologic carbon sequestration include the Bighorn Basin, Powder River Basin, Willison Basin, and Kennedy Basin.
Is BECCS technically, socially, and economically feasible in the region?
How would BECCS affect food security?
How would BECCS affect cultural values?
What incentives are necessary for a BECCS economy?
What impact does BECCS have on wildlife and wildlife habitat?